Erectile Dysfunction – Signs, Symptoms and Treatments for ED

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By Dr. A. Kumar , Sexology

Erectile Dysfunction (ED) is the inability to achieve or maintain an erection, firm enough for sexual intercourse. Men at any age can suffer from this problem. There are a number of factors which can cause ED, such as environmental factors and certain health conditions. Besides this, men might also suffer from occasional ED which may be caused due to stress.

Causes-

It can be caused by either psychological or physical conditions; or a combination of both. Some of the major causes of ED are:

a) Tension

b) Exhaustion

c) Consumption of alcohol

d) Nervousness

Researchers have established that age related impotence is caused majorly by stress. Atherosclerosis is also one of the conditions causing age-related impotence, which occurs due to the buildup of plaque in the arteries. This plaque build-up stops the flow of blood to the rest of the body, including the penis, thereby causing problem in erection.

Some of the physical causes of ED are:

1. Kidney dysfunction

2. Diabetes

3. High level of cholesterol

4. High blood pressure

Symptoms-

Erectile dysfunction symptoms might include persistent:

  • Trouble getting an erection
  • Trouble keeping an erection
  • Reduced sexual desire

When to see a doctor-

See your doctor if:

  1. You have concerns about your erections or you’re experiencing other sexual problems, including ejaculatory dysfunction, such as premature or delayed ejaculation
  2. You have diabetes, heart disease or another known health condition that might be linked to erectile dysfunction
  3. You have other symptoms along with erectile dysfunction

Treatment-

Medications:-

Impotence can be treated by seeking medical help. Some of the oral medications include:

  1. Sildenafil
  2. Tadalafil

But these medications cannot be taken by men suffering from certain medical conditions such as heart disease. For those, there are alternatives available, such as:

1. Penile implant or penis pump

2. Changing certain lifestyle habits

3. Exercise regularly

4. Keeping a check on your weight

5. Quitting alcohol and smoking

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