While the mental health and stable thinking deteriorate, the physical health of the victim degrades as well. Fortunately, psychiatric treatments are available to help the victim overcome such health issues.
Dr. Vipul Tyagi, one of the best psychiatrist in Ghaziabad and experienced psychiatrists, explains that both mental disorder and illness are the result of wrong lifestyle, extreme stress, and health issues.
What is a mental disorder?
Mental disorder, as defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) and American Psychiatric Association (API), is a condition that change’s an individual’s way of thinking, causing a disturbance in the normal functioning of the brain and the body.
Mental disorders cause the victim to behave differently, doing more damage to the brain and the body in return. However, the term “mental disorder” only applies to the process of behavioral damage. Doctors and scientists are yet to consider it as a disease.
The newer definition of mental disorder states that it’s the condition where the unstable mind, mainly thoughts, and feelings of the victim interferes with his day-to-day activities, rendering more harm than good.
Types of mental disorders
- Anxiety disorders
- Post-traumatic stress (PTSD)
- Bipolar disorders
- Untimed eating habits and disorders
- Obsessive-compulsive disorders (OCD)
- Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD)
- Attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
- Disruptive behavioral patterns
- Suicidal thoughts
What is mental illness?
Mental illness sounds similar to mental disorder. And to some extent, both are similar. However, doctors treat mental illness as a disease rather than treating it as a condition of an unstable mind.
The underlying causes of mental illness could be a genetic inheritance, environmental changes, and mental defects since birth, infections, and etc.
The most modern definition of mental illness states that it’s the pathological condition of an organ, mind, or the body which is caused by an array of symptoms.
Types of mental illness
The types of mental illness are somewhat similar to mental disorders, as both these issues act on the mind and affect the body performances. Listed below are some of the issues directly or indirectly resulting in mental illness:
- Mood disorders
- Impulse control and addiction disorders
- Adjustment disorders
- Dissociative disorders
- Sexual disorders
- Genetic disorders
- Tic disorder (Eg- Tourette’s disorder)
- Alzheimer’s disease
- Autism spectrum disorders
- Suicidal thoughts and self-harming disorders
- Dissociative fugue
- Identity and depersonalizing disorder
Both mental disorder and mental illness have similar treatments available at the primary stages. If the mental- issue stays at the behavioral stage, psychiatrists recommend few of the following approaches to cure the illness:
- Counseling by psychiatrists and counselors
- Physical therapy and etc.
However, if the issue escalates further from the behavioral stage to the illness/ disease state, medication and drug therapy is recommended by the psychiatrists. Different mental illnesses have different diagnostic procedures and treatments.
Hence, the treatment varies from one type of illness to the other. Using drugs to cure mental illness is the ultimate procedure applied by doctors at the last stage.
For a patient facing mental illness and disorder, it is important to improve the quality of life and get timely medical treatment.
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mental health disorders disrupt everyday activities: